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Although people have been curious about life beneath the sea throughout history, diving as we know today, began in
1943, when Jacque Cousteau dove into the water wearing innovative breathing apparatus developed by French
engineer Emile Gagnan. Today, the activity is enjoyed by millions of people from all around the world. Popular dive
spots are the Caribbean, the South Pacific and Hawaii, where sea-live is abundant and the water is clear and warm,
although divers who explore the Pacific northwest waters swear the sea-life in the cold water is the best. Ship wrecks
and caves are also popular with experienced divers.
Diving is a serious sport that requires training and discipline and all divers must take a course by a certifying agency
before diving, such as the Professional Association of Dive Instructors (PADI), the National Association of
Underwater Instructors (NAUI) and the National Association of Scuba Diving Schools (NASDS). Most places where
diving is popular offer dive courses. Some countries require certified divers to take a course with their own countries
instructors. At all schools, students must be in reasonable health, good swimmers and over 12 years old. Lessons
usually take place in a pool and first dives in open water. An important rule in diving is no matter what your
experience, never dive without a companion in the water and a spotter on land or in the boat.
Depths below 130 feet are not recommended for recreational diving. Risks are pressure-related. The deeper the dive,
the denser the air and the more nitrogent the body absorbs. To avoid decompression sickness (the bends), a diver
must ascend slowing and not fly for 12 or 24 hours. To avoid the condition, don't dive below 30 feet.
Travel Tips ( Diving ) ...