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Yukon Territory

The Yukon Territory is located in Canada, north of the province of British Columbia, west of Northwest Territories, east of the state of Alaska and south of the Beaufort Sea.
A remote and vast region - covering 183,285 square miles - it sits barricaded from the rest of Canada by a mountainous border. Canada's highest mountain, Mount Logan (19,551 feet ) is in the St. Elias mountain ranges in the Yukon Territory. St. Elias mountain range is also the location to the world's largest non-polar ice field.
Access to the Yukon's communities by land is possible by crossing one of three passes - Chilkat, Chilkoot and White Pass: The building of the White Pass and Yukon railway in 1900, allowed access to the Alaska coast. However, it wasn't until the construction of the Alaska Highway in 1943, that the Yukon Territory really had access to the rest of the world.
Towns, like Watson Lake, Faro and Dawson City, are only sparsely populated. Of the territory's 29,000 residents, almost 20,000 reside in Whitehorse, the Yukon's capital city and the hub of the region. Major attractions in Whitehorse include the historical S.S. Klondike sternwheeler and MacBride Museum. Nearby is the scenic Miles Canyon
Dawson City is the second largest for population in the Yukon Territory, with 1,200 residents living there year-round. Dawson City was a bustling city a hundred years ago, when almost 40,000 hopeful miners and entrepreneurs rushed to the gold-infested region in 1896. They dreamed of striking it rich and for a short time, they did. However, by 1903, the gold was gone, along with most of the people.
Today's visitors aren't coming to take away anything. Current inhabitants hope that by keeping Dawson City looking like it did back in the Klondike Gold Rush Days, today's visitors leave some of their riches behind.
Mining has sustained the communities of the Yukon since their conception and still employs the majority of the residents. The area is rich in lead, zinc, and silver and lesser deposits of gold, copper and other minerals. However, Dawson City's main source of income is tourism.
Dawson City is only one reason why visitors are drawn to the Yukon Territory. The wilderness, the wildlife and the wild-flowers cast a spell on all newcomers and to the nature lover, the Yukon Territory is paradise.
In July and August purple fireweed covers the roadside, wild roses bloom in meadows, poppies color hillsides.
The woods are home to grizzlies, black bear, Dall sheep, moose, caribou, elk, wolves and mountain goats and smaller species such as coyote, mink , beaver, wolverine and fox.
Canada's second longest river (3,185 kilometers), the Yukon River, is located in the Yukon Territory. The Yukon River is only one of several rivers and streams in the Yukon Territory. Fishing is good, for arctic grayling, salmon, lake trout and northern pike.
Weather is harsh in the Yukon. Winters are especially cold with long dark nights. However, very little rain falls, therefore the dry air keeps cold temperatures tolerable. Dress appropriately. Summers are short and mild. Some days in June, Whitehorse is blessed with daylight all night long.

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